On one side a manifestation of anti-gas shale Saturday in Seine-et-Marne and environmentalists put together as cuckoos from the Council of State overturned the ban on Thursday modified maize Monsanto1 for non-compliance European law. On the other hand, farmers and industrialists who struggle to believe that in times of crisis the government chooses to deprive them of such opportunities for growth. The ultrasensitive gas schiste2 records and OGM3, the pressure is stronger every day Francois Hollande. Here he advances as on a ridge. How to reconcile such divergent interests?
Moving Friday afternoon on farms in the Dordogne, the president sought to reassure allies of PS on GMOs. "It will, he promised them an extension of the moratorium" on transgenic maize from Monsanto. "Why did we make the moratorium on GMOs? Not because we do not want progress, but in the name of progress. We can not accept a product, corn, may have adverse effects on other productions, "justified the President. Aware of the difficulty of the task, Holland admitted, however it was necessary to "legally secure this decision at the national level and especially at the European level." Otherwise, the State Council break the new prohibition order, as he did on August 1 with the man who had been taken by the former majority in early 2012. The government must find the parade. And that, "before the next planting season" of April 2014, as stated by the Minister of Agriculture, Stéphane Le Foll4.
Clearly, the president chose. A few months before municipal, when the polls are at their lowest for the executive and the majority fissurée5, it seeks to avoid offending his Green allies. Too bad for farmers who claim that either committed a true reflection on the subject of OGM6 or companies who, rightly or wrongly, see in shale gas major growth drivers.
In PS, some are concerned about the growing influence of the Greens on government policy. The deputy PS North Christian Bataille and denounced "this strategy of systematic concession" 7 to Europe Ecology-Greens, "party of the status quo, even regression."
Long, Holland procrastinated on these expensive records environmentalists, especially that of shale gas, deliberately maintaining ambiguity about its position and sending mixed messages. Shortly before his departure from government, Delphine Batho8 had also denounced a "permanent ambiguity" on shale gas. After announcing in September 2012, the cancellation of seven applications for exploration permits, because of suspicions about the possible use of hydraulic fracturing, banned in France since a law passed in 2011 by the previous majority, Holland had two months later opened the door instant payday loans. "The search continues. We can not prevent research on other techniques "that hydraulic fracturing, he had launched in November 2012, during his first major press conference at the Elysee. "Today, she did not succeed. But it is not prohibited. I let researchers work. "Case," I take my responsibilities at the appropriate time, "he had concluded. Environmentalists saw it a provocation.
"There will be no exploitation of shale gas"
Positions are now much clearer. On 14 July, a few days after the Minister of Productive Recovery Arnaud Montebourg – favorable shale gas -9, has again made its voice heard on the subject, the President closed the bank. "As long as I am president, there will be no gas exploration schiste10," he decided at the interview with TF1 and France 2. "What is shale gas? It is a paradise, then it would be enough to dig? "He mocked in stride.
The subject of shale gas is far from exhausted. Although no country in Europe still produces the list of countries seeking shale gas continues to grow: Poland, United Kingdom, Romania, Hungary, Spain, Lithuania. And the European Union ahead of the subject, but not in the sense of environmentalists. "It is not to ban hydraulic fracturing at European level. Our goal is to create the conditions for this to be done in a safe and secure manner, "has said in July the Environment Commissioner Janez Potocnik. Additional pressure with which Hollande will compose the medium term.
The law on hydraulic fracturing in the hands of the Wise
Like the State Council for GM maize, the Constitutional Council will he lift the ban on hydraulic fracturing and allow holders of exploration drilling overnight permit? At the root of this fear of anti-shale gas, an appeal to the U.S. Schuepbach. It held two licenses in Ardèche and Aveyron. They were repealed under the law of July 2011 prohibiting hydraulic fracturing. The Council of State ruled on July 12, the arguments of the oil, which invokes an abusive interpretation of the precautionary principle, quite "serious" to transmit to the Constitutional Council. The Sages of the Palais-Royal must decide before 12 October. If they cancel the law of 2011, the Government will ensure that its provisions to maintain the ban on hydraulic fracturing.