Apr 17 2014
nuclear situation in France considered "satisfactory overall in 2013," Pierre-Franck Chevet1, president of the Nuclear Safety Authority says negative points.
Two difficulties are attributable to Areva2. The first is "related to the storage of waste on the former site of La Hague packaged in concrete silos." This is not the most technical tip: these compounds should be stored in "stable containers," says Pierre-Franck Chevet. These waste produced by the unit reprocessing spent fuel UP2-400 arrested for eleven years, have been the subject of recommendations in 2011. But the cost of operations deemed "priority" by ASN3, is € 2.5 billion at the expense of Areva. Faced with this amount, it is understandable that the discussions drag on, for an operation that will spread until 2030
. In addition, site fuel fabrication FBFC Areva in Romans-sur-Isère, was placed "under enhanced vigilance." After handling errors on small bottles of fissile material in 2012, "repeated problems and recurring security" have been identified. Areva proposed April 10 ASN to launch "an action plan reinforced."
In addition, while the EDF's nuclear fleet is subject to a satisfecit global4 three plants (Civaux, Chinon and Bugey) are less well noted. After a detailed inspection in October 2013, ASN inspectors noted that Civaux was "withdrawal on compliance and implementation of basic safety principles" and noted "significant differences in respect of environmental regulations. "
These examples illustrate that the ASN requests the State the right to impose on operators' new sanctions, "" daily fines "c that is to say fines. So far, the authority has "the right to close a nuclear plant in case of danger or transmit a report violations to justice," says Pierre-Franck Chevet, who regrets not having sanction intermediate between these two extremes. It hopes that this law is integrated bill on energy transition and suggests the reform of the financing of the ASN, using "direct contribution of large farmers." This increase expected budget, € 50 million per year, together with the IRSN (Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety), could help the ASN to fill expanding roles, such as radiology equipment control . Harmonize rules
In the longer term, the ASN must review the plan called "refit" of EDF's nuclear fleet, estimated at 55 billion euros for the extension of the life of plants. To allow reactors to operate beyond 41 to 45 years of service, Pierre-Franck Chevet expects "an appointment particularly complex. For reactors will implement safety features like those of the EPR. " ASN will deliver its final opinion on the matter in 2018
. In the event of a major nuclear accident in Europe, which could affect several countries, ASN would harmonize rules for the protection of populations. Despite the Chernobyl disaster in 1986, levels of intervention are specific to each country. The first discharge thresholds are for example two times lower in France than in Germany. And everyone would have the right to stable iodine tablets in France in a 100 km radius around the accident site, while in addition the Rhine distribution only concern first the age of 18 and speakers. women