Despite the crisis, gambling continues to attract French. Whether for a scratch ticket, to bet on a horse or fill a grid lotto, French households bet of € 46.2 billion in 2012, 76% more than in 2000, according to a study of INSEE published this Wednesday1. Enough to cover half of the deficit of France amounted to € 87.6 billion in 2013!
Almost half of French play at least occasionally. On average, the player bets 2,000 euros per year for a gain of € 1,600 and a loss of 400 euros. "But this is an average, an expert insists INSEE. Many people play mini-game are when a big development. " Another sign of this craze for games: their share in the budget of families n 'had to stop increase over the past decade, from 0.6% in 1990 to 0.9% in 2004, before record a slight decline in 2018 to 0.8%. Crisis forces! The French
lose money, but less than before
The French betting more money, spending (read losses) in 2012 also increased from € 6.4 billion in 2000 to € 9.5 billion in 2012, an increase of 48% over the last twelve years. Updates have increased faster than spending (76% against 48%), the rate of return players (TRJ), that is to say the proportion of bets operators render players, is now better it was 10 years, ie they lose less money than before.
But the state always ensure that this rate is balanced. "It should not be too high because it would promote addiction and money laundering, said the same expert. Conversely, a minimum rate is necessary to clean up the competition between operators and protect the players. " For example, the TRJ must be less than 75% for the lottery, 85% for sports and horse paris online and conversely, greater than 85% for slot machines payday loans. Inequalities between
FDJ, PMU, casinos and online gaming sector
gambling is composed of four actors: the French Games (FDJ), Pari Mutuel Urbain (PMU), casinos and online gambling since their approval in 2010. If the activity of the FDJ and PMU has been dynamic over the past decade and it focuses on two 71% of the activity, the casinos (24%) lost momentum from 2007. "In addition to the 2008 crisis, they suffered regulatory changes (mandatory identity checks and banning smoking)," write the study authors. Online games, they represent only 5% of the market.
Another lesson from this survey: compulsory levies are very different from one game to another. FDJ reverse 67% of it being pocketed in the coffers, casinos 54%, 51% for online operators and only 39% for the PMU. Its low tax rate is explained by its participation in the financing of the equine industry. The PMU
, the most profitable trader
All stakeholders do not have the same rate of return which is calculated from the gross gaming revenue ( PBJ), that is to say the difference between the set of players and their winnings. Thus, the PMU has the highest profitability affecting 34% of GGR, casinos unable to reach 18% of PBJ when online games no profit, says INSEE. The most surprising is probably the rate of return of the JDF, which is only 3% of GGR. Involved? Its very high taxation. However, the State is its main shareholder (72%) did not seem to suffer!
At the end of the survey, INSEE said that gambling addiction concerns 10.8% of active players, or 1.3% of adult population.