Source Le Figaro Magazine
Under the sign of rigor, the 2014 budget has not spared immobilier1. Thus, the VAT applicable to maintenance work in the house from 7 to 10%, except for energy renovation work. In the aftermath, the conditions of access to sustainable development tax credit has been tightened. Finally, buy a property will cost more this year. At the higher rate of VAT on notary fees 2vient added that registration fees: many councils have increased, on 1 March, the county tax on property sales.
The only measure favorable to owners concerning real estate capital gains realized on the sale of housing: exemption has now gained after 22 years in prison and not more than 30 years. And until the end of August, a reduction of 25% is possible on capital gains.
The real estate gains partly exempt after 22 years
Gains on disposals of housing other than principal residences are now exempt from tax income after 22 years, against 30 years ago. The period to be exempt from social security contributions (15.5%) remains, meanwhile, set at 30 years. If you sell a property before this time, so you should pay tax on the gain at the flat rate of 19%, possibly increased by a surcharge of 2 to 6% when the taxable capital gain exceeds € 50,000. The amount of the capital gain is taxable, however, subject to a deduction for holding period (after 10 years, the seller has for example a 30% reduction on tax and 8.25% on social security contributions).
If you plan to sell a property before 1 September 2014, you will benefit more from an exceptional discount of 25%, calculated after deduction period of ownership. Attention, this reduction does not apply to sales of shares in real estate companies (SCI for example) or to transfers in favor of a family member (spouse, partner pacs, partner, ascending or descending). Disposals
Land remain exempt after 30 years
The ax has not gone away! The provision of the Finance Act 2014 to remove allowances for holding period for sales of building land was censored in extremis by the Constitutional Council. A rescript (No. 2014/01 of 9 January 2014) is then came clear that the exemption is granted after 30 years. Example: after 10 years, the reduction is only 10% for land (against 30% for residential). Registration fees
increased in many departments
As the Finance Act 2014 so authorizes, 66 departments (their list is available at www. tax. govt. fr) found 3.8 to 4.5% the amount of the county tax on property sales. In these departments, registration fees (also called "notary fees") are thus passed from March 1 to 5.80665% (5.10665% before). This increase is intended to apply until 29 February 2016. After this date, the tax would – theoretically – be reduced to 3.8%.
If some departments, like Paris, Isère, Yvelines or have already decided not to increase registration fees, others have not yet voted, probably waiting for the maturity of the municipal elections. If those notify the tax authorities no later than April 15, 2014, their decision to the county tax of 4.50%, the increase will apply to sales made on or after 1 June 2014. However, if this notification occurs between April 16 and November 30, 2014, the rate of registration fees will be raised only for sales entered into after 1 January 2015. Which would be a welcome time for buyers concerned business card.
Indeed, the increase in registration fee is in addition to the slight increase in fees of notaries following the VAT hike passed, 1st January, from 19.6 to 20%. For a home purchased € 200,000, it is estimated that in the departments have increased their tax expenses amounted to € 16,000 or € 2,000 more than in 2013. Increases cascade that may well ultimately erase the slight decline in property prices seen last year. The tax
Sustainability simplified but hardened
Every year credit finance law gave birth to a new version of the tax credit Sustainable Development (ICSD). Approval are now subject to the achievement, in the principal residence of at least two eligible projects (eg, loft insulation and installing a heat pump). Households with modest incomes (the ceilings are defined in Article II of the 1417 tax code, CGI) may, however, continue to benefit from ICSD to achieve a single category of work. Household making a bunch of work can, whatever their income, expenditure spread over two consecutive years rather than one. In this case, the tax benefit will be granted under the income tax of the second year.
Another new 10 rate tax credit give way to two rates applicable regardless of the equipment installed: 15% for the achievement of one catégoriede work (be-tested) .20% for making a bunch of work (regardless of household income).
However, the expenditure ceiling taken into account has not budged. It remains to € 8,000 for a single person and € 16,000 for a couple. This amount is increased to 400 € per dependent. This ceiling is multiannual and restores every 5 years.
Example: A couple with two children is make insulation work for 15.000 € and changes its boiler to a condensing furnace (4500 €).
Expenses taken into account: € 19,500, capped at € 16,800.
Amount of tax credit: € 16,800 x 25% = € 4,200.
This year, the list of eligible equipment has been reduced (see Appendix 4, Art. 18a of CGI). Since January 1, photovoltaic panels and equipment for the recovery and treatment of stormwater open longer eligible for the tax credit. Finally, after being eligible for several years, donors are excluded from the IFSD. This is now restricted to the owners, tenants or occupants for free. Accumulated tax
and eco-PTZ credit: new resource limits
Sub-tested, it is possible to combine the IFSD and eco- zero-interest loans (PTZ). 2014, the income limits have changed. The income tax reference (n-2) is € 25,000 for a single person (€ 35,000 for a couple + € 7,500 per dependent). VAT
: rising to all floors!
January 1, 2014 all VAT rates have increased. Rate called "intermediate" from 7 to 10% and the "normal" rate of 19.6 to 20%. In practice, the 10% rate applies to improvements, processing, development and maintenance of dwellings completed over 2 years.
Rate of 20% applies, meanwhile, when the important work contributes to the production of a new building (as defined in Article 257 CGI) or when work resulted in an increase of more than 10% of the existing floor surface. Good news, the eligible work at ISDC are being applied since 1 January, a 5.5% VAT.
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