Women's health at work degrades more than men. This is the observation that stands the National Agency for the Improvement of Working Conditions (NAALC), which published early March a study based on figures from the disease.1 insurance. While accidents have generally declined over the past decade (-13%), those women rose sharply (+20%) when men decreased (-23%). Same trend in commuting accidents with sick leave: they are down for men (-9%) and increased for women (15%).
How to explain it? Prevention policies have focused more on traditionally male sectors. For decades, precautionary measures were strengthened in industries such as metallurgy, chemistry, wood or textiles, Anact explains, adding that these sectors have parallel sharply declining enrollment.
"An invisibility risk for certain jobs" predominantly female
In contrast, most women invested sectors (business services, retail Banking, insurance and administration) have benefited less from these preventive measures. There is a "invisibility risk for certain jobs or female-dominated sectors (services, care, trade, administrative …) given the fact that they have long been considered 'light' instead of jobs or sectors heavy 'predominantly male (construction, industry, energy …), "wrote Anact in its investigation. "Now the employee (s) are also exposed (s) to chemicals, problems of charging port and psychosocial risks, warns Chapert Florence, one of the study authors. But as these risks are less visible, they are less taken into account. "
Other advanced by the responsible project of its kind, health and working conditions Anact hypothesis: differences in career paths between men and women, "the women, often confined to repetitive and painful positions change little hierarchically unlike men, she says. Result, they are more exposed to sustained professional wear. " In addition, biological and social differences are not taken into account. A equivalent position, the effects of work are not the same for men and women. "Muscle differences, machines not adapted to the size of women may have additional consequences on the health of women." The boom
occupational diseases in women
Can we say that women are worse off than men? Not statistically anyway. In 2012, work accidents involve much more men (67.5%) than women (32.5%). And commuting accidents, men and women are almost equally: 48% and 52%.
…… But inequality increases when the question of occupational diseases are addressed, who are mostly MSD (musculoskeletal disorders). The recognition of occupational diseases has increased nearly twice as fast for women (169%) than for men (91%), all lines of business combined. Workers and employees are three times more likely to get sick than their male counterparts, according to a study published in Dares 20102. And even among executives and entrepreneurs, women are more affected (1.2%) than men (0.8%). If
recognized occupational diseases are more common in women, they are more serious, however men who are overexposed to occupational cancers (97% recognitions occupational cancers affect).