Aug 29 2014

These apps that deem the conduct of motorists

Tag: economy, features, people, resources, top newsadmin @ 9:36 am

 Insurers

decided to help motorists make progress. Their weapon? Apps that serve but also learn to improve his behavior. Axa proposes a few days "Axa Drive," which sounds an alert every day fifteen minutes before the time, at the latest, you have to climb into his car to be on time – without excess Speed1 – with the nanny or the gym, depending on traffic and road works, valued in real time.

But above all, this app can assess the talent of the driver. Coupled with GPS, it falls if it adopts the right cornering speed, braking too hard, traveling at the right speed (the average traffic), etc. "The app gives a score for each trip. We can then relive the journey to correct his mistakes, "says Thierry Fabing, deputy director digital at Axa France. Direct

Insurance and Allianz launch their bids

Axa developed this system with its subsidiary Direct insurance2, which has also launched in July "Youdrive." App also evaluates the conduct of the driver, asked to compare his score to other users. The insurer did not hide his ulterior motives. It plans to launch a 'pay how you drive' insurance by the end of the year. Or how to modulate the driver's insurance premium based on his driving behavior, since we know now how to evaluate it fast cash now. At stake, a reduction that would go up to 600 euros a year, provided you install a box collecting the same information as the app to send them to the insurer. Allianz3

will also take the plunge. In recent weeks, it already offers its customers to install on their dashboard an electronic box. Associated with a smartphone, this little device locates the car when you forget where it was parked. If it detects a strong impact, it automatically alerts the audience that, after trying to contact the driver, sends relief at the site of the accident. It also records the speed of the motor, the intensity of turns, distance, time and other technical data (other than the speed of the car) to provide an index of conduct, 1-100. "Having an objective indicator gives you a different perspective on your behavior," notes Delphine Asseraf, digital director of Allianz France.

In 2015, Allianz policyholders who have subscribed this offer (optional, for 50 euros per year in their contract) and that will conduct righteous will be rewarded: they will receive a discount on their premiums. But those who still have some way to go do not pay more. "It's an encouragement, not punishment," insists Delphine Asseraf.


Aug 01 2014

A booklet, SNCF rates … all that changes (or not) to 1 August

Tag: business, life, news, opinions, peopleadmin @ 9:32 pm

 This holiday start

some coincides with a rate freeze and the SNCF1 EDF2 but bad news, the rate of A booklet will decrease. The booklet

● A password from 1.25% to 1%

The previously preferred placement of French goes from 1.25% to 1% on Friday 1 August3 . This rate was reduced from 1.75% to 1.25% on August 1, 2013, and tumbled to the lowest level in its history. But the decline would have been even greater if the government had followed the recommendations of the Bank of France, which proposed to reduce it to 0.75%.

So, from today, a booklet A ceiling (22,950 euros) will earn 229.50 euros per year, against 286.90 euros when the rate was 1.25%. And the holder of a booklet on Sustainable Development (LDD) ceiling (€ 12,000) will win 120 euros against 150 euros a year earlier.  But

"paradoxically, in the context of current very low interest rates, the passbook remains attractive for its precautionary savings, because his salary is hard to beat" , says Cyril Blesson associated with Pair Council. In addition, the booklet A is not taxed, which is not the case for most other investments. ● Bank transfers

changing standards

This August 1 marks the entry into force of the new European payment standards Sepa (for Single Euro Payments Area). This unique new standard is created to shorten and simplify bank transfers debits. It mainly aims to harmonize the payment within the EU using unified bank account numbers (IBAN and BIC). Planned initially

1 February, the implementation of this new system has been shifted, the European Commission has decided to grant a period of tolerance the delay in some countries européens high risk personal loans.Sans this period, many companies are exposed to operational risks majeurs4 as daily operations, such as the payment of wages or payment of suppliers, might be blocked if they were not passed to SEPA format. ●

No price increases SNCF

The Department of Transportation announced that there would be no increase in rates of SNCF 5AU August 2014 peak times due to school holidays. "On 1 January 2014, only the VAT increase was reflected in the price of tickets," said Frédéric Cuvillier. Earlier this week, the president of the SNCF, Guillaume Pepy6 had reaffirmed the company's efforts to make tariff TGV, with "a million tickets at low prices and more" this year and in the longer term, "a post on three" of the same type by 2017

. ● Gel EDF prices

As expected, the usual increase, originally scheduled this year to 5% of regulated electricity tariffs will not take place. A government decree, published on Thursday in the Official Journal, confirms this decision. Last June, the Minister for Ecology and Energy, Segolene Royal, announced its intention to suspend the traditional 5% increase in electricity tariffs. But after the fall of EDF share price, Matignon was then returned to the words of the minister indicating that less than 5% increase would occur this fall. EDF rates, applied to 92% of French households are set annually by the gouvernement.7

● Lower gas prices

Recent changes concerning the method of calculating the cost of gas supply will materialize on August 1 on the regulated gas tariff. It will drop by an average of 1.28%, reflecting the decline in gas supply costs.


Apr 09 2014

PSA Rennes website showcases the Factory of the Future

Tag: economic, economy, life, special, worldadmin @ 7:32 am

 

Employees of PSA Peugeot Citroën1 Rennes plant are worried about their future. An extraordinary meeting of the committee of establishment provided Thursday, April 10 should "reorganize production in a single team, which means the removal of a half team," says Loïc Pottier, the CFTC2. Rennes is inspired Poissy and Mulhouse, where a team has lost in recent months. This removal can be done in the framework of the new social contract approved last year by the unions.

"We expected this announcement for 2015 rather than now," says Loïc Pottier. Trade unions signed agreement CFE-CGC, CFTC, and SIA-requested management constructor "make every effort to repatriate to Rennes new activities in workshops and research and development."

On this point, the Ministry of Productive Recovery should answer this. Rennes has indeed been chosen to host one of the pilots' factory of the future "plan. It is one of 34 industrial plans presented by the President of the Republic and the Minister of Productive Recovery in September. Its management was entrusted to Frédéric Sanchez, president of the manufacturer of machine tools Fives, and Bernard Charles, President of Dassault Systèmes.

The details of this plan have been disclosed last Thursday at the Salon of the industry, but at the last moment Arnaud Montebourg3 canceled his coming, held in Bercy by the ceremony of transfer of authority. On behalf of the Minister, Christophe Lerouge, Commissioner productive recovery of Burgundy, said Thursday that "this plan has two objectives: to work on the French offer of new production technology, such as 3D4 printing or robots to be able to export; and secondly, to ensure that these technologies are spreading in France in order to gain competitiveness. " A first steering committee for this plan met mid-March to validate four projects identified twenty one. Wizards robots

One of these four projects thus relates the PSA Rennes site. It should allow to conduct a pilot line for manufacturing prototype parts in composite structure for automobiles. Much lighter than steel, composites will help lighten cars and thus reduce emissions by improving consumption. This line will use technology developed by Fives specialist composite technology. This demonstrator will be housed in Excelcar a company's R & D set up by PSA and supported by the local Breton as part of the re-industrialization of the site. Actors

industrial-builders but also equipment-believe may contract with Excelcar to implement in their factories, their own tool production. Rennes line should be operational late 2015. The total investment will be between 10 and 20 million euros, and will cover 30 to 40 jobs. "The potential is, however, hundreds of jobs if manufacturers decide to implement other production lines in their factories for their vehicles," said an industry expert.

These projects should enable "the transformation of existing plants to create windows of the French technology that can be visited by foreign delegations, for example "explains Frédéric Sanchez Figaro. Unlike the German model, where the robots are already widely distributed in plants because labor is rather scarce, the French model leaves room to the man he is meant to be seen rather as replaced by a robot.


Mar 09 2014

Phone: Bouygues negotiating its mobile network Free

Tag: economic, economics, economy, international, technologyadmin @ 1:08 pm

The group announced Bouygues1 be willing to give its network of antennas and mobile frequencies to its competitor free2 (Iliad), to facilitate his marriage SFR3, and thus completely reconstruct the landscape of the French mobile telephony. "We have entered into exclusive negotiations to yield to Free for an amount up to 1.8 billion euros go our entire mobile network," announced Olivier Roussat, CEO of Bouygues Telecom in an interview with Journal du Sunday4 . This agreement, which covers "15,000 antennas and a portfolio of frequencies, some of which for 4G" is conditioned to the fact that SFR Bouygues acquires sold by Vivendi. Vivendi, parent company of SFR, which seeks to separate its telecom subsidiary to focus on the media said Wednesday it has received offers from Bouygues and Numericable majoritaire.L takeover offer was unveiled by Bouygues favors particular Exchange, but seemed to be a problem with the rules of competition. This agreement enables Bouygues "raise the main uncertainty from (its) project under the Competition Authority. And Free to become a full and complete operator," says Olivier Roussat this entretien.Il remains yet "subject to the success of our proposed merger with SFR filed Wednesday, March 5 from its parent company, Vivendi," he says. "We provide an immediate response to the imperatives of competition. In case of merger with SFR, we would have a network too. Again, there is a buyer who will recreate a competitive dynamic. This turnkey solution should facilitate marriage with SFR and Vivendi reassuring, "he says again. The Competition Authority will review the file and if all goes well, migration and network subscribers could place "in 2015," plan to ensure that the agreement "also ensures the use of the entire telecom sector in France with maintaining three networks." "Free wishes to maintain the network with its own agents, warns CEO of Bouygues Telecom. And we want to keep our 1,200 employees who are affected. Our network will not be destroyed. Instead, Free will live 15,000 antennas that will become his. "Olivier Roussat also confirmed that his" proposed merger with SFR not cause any departure. "On the contrary, the merger will invest in the Internet and mobile networks and "create jobs. This is the sinews of war. "This merger agreement and fully rebattrait cards in the field of French mobile telephony share four players. Orange leader today has 27 million mobile customers, SFR has 21 million, 11 million Bouygues Telecom and Free Free 7.4 millions.Cependant a relay network underdeveloped and relies on a 3G roaming agreement with Orange, but not for 4G. however Bouygues boasts of have the best 4G network via authorization which allowed him to use this technology on a frequency band that already operated giving him an edge in terms of coverage. This agreement should enable Bouygues and Free "to reduce costs," according to Olivier Roussat which ensures that the price war being waged by the mobile operators, at the initiative of Free, and more recently in the Internet, the initiative this time Bouygues should continue.


Mar 07 2014

Air France strengthens its low-cost subsidiary Transavia

Tag: life, money, special, technology, traveladmin @ 12:28 pm

 Air France 1

great hopes on Transavia2, its low-cost subsidiary green and blue logo based at Orly. While Air France has reduced its wing short and medium-haul flights the summer season – which starts in late March – it has instead increased fleet Transavia. Must still find the necessary drivers. Wednesday evening, SNPL3 the powerful pilots' union, agreed to sign an interim agreement for one year which will transfer to Air France pilots on aircraft Transavia. This agreement aims to "test the leisure market and the development of Transavia and allow Air France to build a more comprehensive response to reclaim the market left fallow for low-cost airlines," said Jean-Louis Barber Chair the SNPL Air France Alpa.

Currently, Transavia France has thirteen devices, but this number should be increased to sixteen this summer. And every year, five new aircraft will enhance the stable of low-cost. The agreement signed by the SNPL leaves some to fear that the short and medium-haul Air France are, in the coming years, cannibalized by Transavia, where conditions are less generous pay and flight times are longer . Several flights in 2013 by Air France from Charles de Gaulle (to Rome, Istanbul and Casablanca) will now be operated by Transavia from Orly.

40 hours per month

The agreement signed Wednesday will provide compensation to volunteers: a premium calculated on the basis of the period of secondment, up € 15,000 per year for a captain and up to 35,000 euros for a copilot. "It's like putting your finger in gear, said Julien Duboz, the spokesman SPAF, a pilot union opposed the agreement signed Wednesday. In the medium term, there will be no premium and working conditions at Transavia become the norm "According to him, the management company must address the chronic overstaffing among pilots." Air France co-pilots work 40 hours per month on average over the medium-haul when they reach 75 hours on average in EasyJet4. "

The subject has just been discussed at central works council of Air France, which took place Thursday. Indeed, in October, the leaders of the company had announced that 2,800 job cuts – including 1,400 on medium-haul operations – in addition to 5,122 already completed. Evaluation of overstaffing given in October was confirmed: 700 flight attendants and 300 pilots – split equally over the long-haul and medium-haul – will benefit from voluntary departure plan whose age criterion was lowered to attract a sufficient number of candidates to begin with. Transavia but has yet to validate the relevance of its business model. In 2013, the company that caters to customers 'leisure' posted an operating loss of € 5 million.


Jan 13 2014

Energy Services: EDF GDF Suez wants to challenge

Tag: Uncategorized, economic, money, opinions, worldadmin @ 8:32 am

 

There are not only in offshore wind – with the call for tender for parks Tréport (Seine-Maritime) and the Vendée – the rivalry between EDF and GDF Suez rises today power. Another area, that of energy services, will generate a crucial battle between two giants: it covers, pell-mell, HVAC, heating networks, public lighting, electric mobility, systems integration low fee pay day loans… , with the dual horizon optimization of consumption and costs, and environmental concerns. It also refers to long-term prospects, given the needs of businesses, communities and even individuals.

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Dec 28 2013

The great failure of Fiat

Tag: Uncategorized, economy, news, people, traveladmin @ 2:48 pm

 

The timeless Fiat 5001 is still on the front of the stage, but Lancia2 Delta or Alfa3 75 have disappeared. It is far time success for transalpine car brands now grouped in Fiat4.

In 1990, the manufacturer, who already collected the three Fiat, Alfa Romeo and Lancia brands, was the second largest in Europe. With 13.6% market share, it was preceded only by the Volkswagen5 group. Since the beginning of this year 2013, the company headed by Sergio Marchionne6 sold only 6.2% of cars passed in Europe and no longer occupies the 8th largest in Europe, behind Volkswagen, always, but Peugeot Citroën7, Renault8 , General Motors9, Ford10, BMW11 and Hyundai-Kia. The manufacturer of the 500 is a shadow of itself. In November, it sold fewer cars in Europe as the only Brazilian market.

This downward spiral is due to errors and very difficult to fit on a European car market that turned positioning GP. Thus, with the rise of German premium brands, Fiat lost his footing on the market for large vehicles, to abandon segments D and E. A reference in Europe in the upscale time, Alfa Romeo and Lancia failed, either, to maintain strong positions in these niches.

In contrast, the Italian group has fared better on smaller vehicles, thanks to "a production of popular midsize cars with a price advantage over its German and French competitors," according to Bernard Jullien, director of Gerpisa, a circle of study on the automobile.

Before, again, let go in the early 2000s with the offensive of the European subsidiaries of U.S. companies (Ford12 Fiesta and Opel13 Astra), then the arrival of Korean Hyundai14 and Kia15. These competitors have entered the market positions of the brands of the Italian group and trimmed margins. In response, Fiat delayed the renewal of its models and slowed its investment in technology. "The decline, minimizing costs and refocusing on small cars, then became the heart of the strategy of Fiat," said Bernard Jullien.

Bad choice. Car, everything goes very fast. A manufacturer may not limit its investments without taking the risk of being outdated.

Fiat will thus miss the turn of low-cost while held enviable positions payday loan. Historically this on an industrial scale in Eastern Europe, Poland specifically, the Italian industry has been outdone by the Korean and German automakers. In Western Europe, it is the Renault Logan Dacia16 who scrounged market share in the segment of cheap cars.

New strategy

Similarly, Fiat, which has yet participated in the 1960 creation of Lada, the Soviet Union, allowing local production of Fiat 124 and 125 has been doubled again by Renault became the largest shareholder of Avtovaz17 house mother of the Lada. Only remains Brazil, where the Italian brand retains strong positions, with local production has almost doubled in fifteen years.

Arrived at the head of the manufacturer there almost ten years, Sergio Marchionne do not despair relaunch the manufacturer. He has to his credit the success of the new Fiat 500 and especially the takeover in 2009 Chrysler18 in turmoil of the American automobile. An incredibly risky bet, but for now bringing its fruits. Today, it is the benefits of saving Chrysler Fiat.

Aware of the fragility long term this situation, Sergio Marchionne battle to straighten the group in Europe. The new strategy involves the upgrading of productions in Italy, to make them economically viable. Four brands are concerned. Both operate in the luxury sector: Ferrari19 and Maserati20. Many hopes rest on the renewal of Alfa Romeo.

The group wants to become a global brand, present in all market segments and more markets including returning to the United States. Marchionne expects 300,000 sales in 2016 against 100,000 last year. A goal that "ambitious" by analysts KeplerCheuvreux. Finally, Fiat will take advantage of the dynamism of Jeep, the only global brand of Chrysler. As for the Fiat brand, it will focus on small cars, with the Panda and a range around the Fiat 500.

On paper, the strategy is attractive, but requires considerable financial resources, with investments carried at more than € 8.6 billion in 2015 against only 5.6 billion in 2011. A considerable sum to the challenges that await the manufacturer.


Nov 12 2013

Credit Lyonnais: chronicle of a historic shipwreck bank

Tag: Uncategorized, finance, life, resources, worldadmin @ 6:16 am

1988-1992: race for size

In the tradition of his predecessor Jean-Maxime Leveque 1 (1986-1988), resulting in the Credit Lyonnais in a logic of "bank-industry," Jean-Yves Haberer maintains bulimia group. Upon his appointment in September 1988, the 56 year old technocrat collect conquests abroad: Belgium, Italy, Spain or Germany. Credit Lyonnais 2devient the leading European banking network. His thirst for greatness eventually exceed the only sector boundaries. The group invests through its subsidiaries in the capital of some 1,600 companies. In total, the value of the industrial holdings of Credit Lyonnais explodes 9.7 billion francs in 1988 * (2.3 billion today) to 52 billion in 1993 (10.7 billion euros).

1992-1994: spiral

This strategy is not without risk. While the economy turns around in 1992, the industrial holdings weigh on the accounts of Crédit Lyonnais, while its huge real estate portfolio (CHF 100 billion, 21.1 billion euros) suffered the brunt of the collapse of . The first scandals: lame investments – such as financing the purchase of the Metro Goldwyn Mayer (MGM) to 5.5 billion francs (1.1 billion euros) a year before the collapse of the famous production studio – and subsidiaries poorly managed – including Altus which multiplies risky acquisitions – end up contaminating the Credit Lyonnais. The bank publishes its first loss in 1992 (1.8 billion francs, or 380 million euros). The hole widens in 1993 with an abysmal deficit of 6.9 billion (1.4 billion euros). Bankruptcy threatens and threatens to lead to the banking system as a whole. Given the urgency of the situation, the Balladur government chooses a new man to complete his recovery. Jean Peyrelevade, who was economic adviser Mauroy in 1981 and named by Michel Rocard boss insurer UAP in 1988, succeeds Jean-Yves Haberer3 at the head of the bank in late 1993.

1995-1999: Complex rescue

Two bailouts are implemented by the Ministry of Finance in 1994 and 1995. The first eliminates 42.7 billion francs of bad real estate loans through the creation of a bad bank, real estate management Omnium (OIG). The second is based on the realization Consortium (CDR), created in March 1995 to pay off the debts of Crédit Lyonnais by selling its less profitable assets to the tune of 145 billion francs (28 no fax payday loans.9 billion euros). Very quickly, the CDR is accused of selling these assets, allowing others to do business. In 1997, Bercy evaluates losses CDR 100.2 billion, while Karel Van Miert, the European Commissioner for Competition Policy, estimates the cost of the "disaster" to "more than 150 billion francs." After a series of disagreements, a financial restructuring plan is determined by the State and the European Union, which requires the privatization of the bank within five years and a drastic reduction in the presence of the European Credit Lyonnais. Privatization takes place in the summer of 1999 and the State retains a 10% stake.

1990-2000: the "back in business"

On the sidelines of the bailout, the Credit Lyonnais case is a political and legal turn. In 1994, the report of a parliamentary commission of inquiry involves state ownership and management of Jean-Yves Haberer. Two years later, the Minister of Economy, Jean Arthuis bring prosecutions against the former leaders of Credit Lyonnais, Jean-Yves Haberer. This and Francois Gille, the former CEO of the bank, were indicted in September 1998. A strange event marks the spirits in 1996 a fire destroyed the Paris headquarters of Credit Lyonnais, burning part of its archives. Then in the early 2000s, Jean Peyrelevade 4est caught by U.S. courts in the case of Executive Life. The largest life insurance company in California had been illegally acquired by Crédit Lyonnais via an offshore company when it went bankrupt in the early 1990s. Invoice amount for CDR: 600 million euros.

2003-2005: OPA Crédit Agricole and LCL creation

The government announced in November 2002 that sells its participation in the auction. BNP Paribas 5rafle setting. But Credit Agricole launches in stride – in December 2002 – a friendly takeover bid on all shares of Credit Lyonnais. The reconciliation began in September 2003 and the Agricultural Credit repositions the Credit Lyonnais bank proximity to the national grid. Two years later was renamed Crédit Lyonnais LCL.

* The conversion is performed in time to the franc to the euro today.


Oct 27 2013

Delivery: the challenge takes a violent turn

Tag: Uncategorized, business, economics, economy, opinionsadmin @ 12:04 am

 

Tone up in Britain to protest against the implementation of the environmental levy heavy which should come into force on 1 January weight. Despite the improvements achieved by the region, critics of the measure does not disarm. After the coup of farmers Tuesday, hundreds of protesters mobilized again this Saturday.

At the call of "collective employment in Britain", hundreds of protesters gathered before taking to the road in a hundred trucks, tractors and other agricultural machinery in the direction of Pont-de-Buis, place implementation of the last gantry environmental tax department – other portals have all been destroyed. These devices have indeed become the symbol for opponents to shoot to environmental taxes. In fact, when the "green tax" is in effect, these devices will ensure that all lorries over 3.5 tonnes liable for TAX1 are equipped boxes, GPS type, which will charge the truck.

One seriously injured

Protesters wear a red cap in memory of the revolt against the Bretons red caps Fisclaité the seventeenth century.

Mobilizing quickly turned violent. On site, the protesters, about 900 according to AFP, threw objects including burning tires to the police. In return, the latter used teargas. Agricultural machinery were also directed to the roadblock, tearing cross the expressway.

Thierry Merret, the president of the FDSEA, Departmental Federation of Unions of Agricultural Exploitatants, Finistère, mentions three wounded on the side of the demonstrators, all by firing rubber bullets. One of them had been evacuated from sources.

A cameraman for France 3 have also been injured.

A corresponding RMC Britain evokes smoothly.

Large voltages to protest against the environmental tax .. A cameraman Fr 3 slightly injured / Brittany pic.twitter.com/dvyYtuInMB2

– William Robelet (@ RobeletG) October 26, 20133

Another action is taken in the Morbihan, the call of carriers FDSEAs (departmental federations of farmers' unions). A road was blocked for several kilometers, says France 3 Bretagne4. A large majority of Britons against environmental taxes

Opponents of the environmental tax criticizes the new tax inherited the Grenelle environment and implemented under Nicolas Sarkozy5. Farmers say that the tax will force them to significantly increase the price of their property, thus penalizing their sector which is already facing serious economic difficulties. Farmers argue in particular that the price of their salads will increase by 5 cents each. "

Faced with the revolt of the Britons, the government has decided to reduce by 50% the amount of the tax in the region. He also said that some roads could even be exempted. Promises deemed insufficient.

Farmers Finistere and Morbihan are not alone in rejecting the environmental tax. According to a poll Ifop Sunday in West France6, Bretons are 74% to say "headwind against the eco-tax." The survey focuses on the overall morale of Britons: 67% of respondents are pessimistic about their region.


Oct 25 2013

The PSA Aulnay plant manufactures its latest C3

Tag: Uncategorized, economic, economics, life, opinionsadmin @ 7:44 am

 

A Citroen C31 out of the assembly plant in Aulnay-sous-Bois on Friday, October 25. Hundreds of thousands of C3 have already been made. But that car is very special: it will be the last to be assembled in the factory. Forty years after the establishment of the factory by the Automobile Citroën2, production stops this week, before a final closure next year.

In 1973, the first model released Aulnay was the legendary DS symbol Thirty Glorieuses3. The plant was designed to take advantage of the economic dynamism of the time. Unfortunately, his inauguration took place immediately after the first oil shock. She was making large sedans. Finally, apart from the Citroën DS and CX, only small models emerge: Citroën Visa, AX, Saxo, C3 and Peugeot 104, 205 and 106. Of Peugeot4 because the owner of the factory, Automobile Citroën passes into the lap of Peugeot in 1976 to give birth to PSA Peugeot Citroën5.

On the industrial side, the 1980s are still positive. A second assembly line is well established. It will be removed in 2008. In 1985, three different models are manufactured on the site: the great Citroën CX and Citroën LN small and Visa. The site will however make the headlines for social reasons. In 1982, a violent strike ignites Aulnay. Officially, the issue is wage increases. But it is also freedom of association it is. Previously, the site was dominated by a company union, the Confederation of Free Trade Unions (CSL). After five weeks of very hard strike, CGT6 out winning the standoff.

This will be the first conflict of a long series. In 2007, the factory is the only group of blocked several weeks. Ségolène Royal7, candidate in the presidential election, even comes to visit the strikers. This tradition of struggle is explained by the very political orientation of the local branch of the CGT. The media Jean-Pierre Mercier, CGT representative for Aulnay, has been the spokesperson Nathalie Arthaud8 the candidate Fight ouvrière9 during the last presidential election.

Investment deficit

This activism was not without consequences for the future of the site. Most investments have been made elsewhere in recent years. The DS3 and the new 208 have been located on the neighboring site, located in Poissy. Future Citroën C4 Cactus, a small, simple and cheap SUV, was assigned to Madrid in 2009. Even the C3 model manufactured in Aulnay, is also sent to the factory in Trnava, Slovakia, which is one of the most productive group. All these vehicles belong to the same class of vehicles, the segment B. "This class is the heart of the French market, but it becomes very difficult to make them stay in the heart of the French production," said Bernard Jullien, director of Gerpisa circle of reflection on the automotive sector.

In this internal competitive environment, the expert believes that the Aulnay site was managed "as an adjustment of the production unit for ten years." Consequently, production has continued to decline since the peak recorded in 2004, nearly 420,000 vehicles assembled in this year alone, falling to 135,000 in 2011. Not surprisingly, the financial indicators were not good this time, because of volume and human and material investments.

However, it is good economic conditions that dictate the closure, not a desire to bring down a difficult to manage site. The collapse of the European new car market has been there. Between 2007 and 2013, new car registrations in Europe fell from nearly 17 to less than 12 million expected this year. A largely insufficient to ensure the profitability of a number of European plants level. The most vulnerable manufacturers – that is to say, general, except Renault10 benefiting from dynamic Dacia11 of "low-cost" – have been forced to react. Fiat12 has closed its Termini Imerese, Sicily. Ford13, the Genk, Belgium. Opel14 close the Bochum, Germany. PSA and decides to sacrifice a factory.

This will Aulnay. The ax fell in July 2012, as part of a drastic cost-cutting plan. Stir in government, where Arnaud Montebourg15 cries betrayal of Peugeot. The new government of François Hollande16 aware that the subject is explosive. PSA Aulnay, 3,000 jobs are at the heart of the Seine-Saint-Denis, a department damaged by the crisis. CGT is necessarily less surprise. In 2011, the union was "out" an internal document management that planned closing … Aulnay in 2014.


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