Jul 21 2014

Nearly a third of ebooks sold on Amazon are self-published

Tag: international, life, money, opinions, technologyadmin @ 10:08 pm

 

The debate on the future of publishing is not likely to subside. The self-published science fiction blockbuster author Hugh Howey has released a report on the sector ebooks. He argues that the indie works (ie self-published), represent 31% of sales of ebooks on Amazon. Hugh Howey goes further and says that according to his Statistics1 freelance writers are moving beyond the Big Five, ie the five largest éditeurs2 (Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, HarperCollins and Simon and Schuster) in the United States in terms of royalties on paperless books.

Amazon offers the Kindle Direct Publishing3 service that allows independent authors to publish for free and immediately his ebook and sell it since 2007. "I tested the bestsellers of tomorrow on KDP before offering great paper publishers," explained Didier Imbot in 2013, littéraire4 agent at the head of Global Literary Management, Le Figaro. Amazon likes to highlight its "success stories" 5, the freelance writers who make a name and able to earn a living through self-publication. Amazon

against publishers

Hugh Howey is an example of successful freelance writer. It is especially known for his saga Wool Omnibus. It takes a specialized site to advise authors and publishes regular reports on the state of the sector. "I think it's more a kind of public relations for Amazon from an objective view of the digital market," retorted Philip Jones, editor of the trade magazine The Bookseller Guardian6. For statistical kitchen Howey in puzzles many. Among other things, the author works with an anonymous statistician, simply named "Data Guy" in the articles. Nevertheless, the role of independent sector is undeniable. In December 2013, according to figures trimestriels7, freelance writers accounted for a quarter of the top 100 Amazon. Com. The famous Netflix

Book launched by Amazon will also relate essentially independent authors and small publishers. Indeed, the Big Five are not part of the offer of unlimited access to 600,000 ebooks for 9.99 dollars per month. For some of these publishers, it is also a way to protect competitors 8In services which they have invested, as Oyster. The rise of self-publishing also coincides with the war between the major publishers and Amazon.


Jul 16 2014

Camps: the slow disaffection

Tag: economic, finance, life, opinions, resourcesadmin @ 10:16 am

 

Courses, cultural or sports camps, training … Under the name "camps" mingle public bodies, associations, works councils but also commercial companies and even individuals. Behind

enticing platelets and websites presenting any assurance of a well supported living? The death last week of a child of 8 years in the Ariege began again the confidence of parents in these camps which show a steady decline in attendance for twenty years. In 2013, a parliamentary report has warned the government on this disaffection. Mistrust and high cost of stay (from 400 to 600 euros on average for a given week by an association), the "colossal" no longer welcome on this day that 7.5% of children, against 15% in 1995. They are now 1.3 million to participate in the 50,000 annual trips organized by the "youth facilities" (ACM). Subcontractors

crooked, scams, companies in liquidation: parents may not know the bottom of the offer. "We must focus on the content of the project and the trip organizer," insists Anne Carayon, general secretary of the associative network in full air1 Youth. She encourages parents to check the profile providers behind the offer proposed by the mayors and councils, buyers of these stays catalog. "There are many players, it is true, but abuse remains marginal," says Cédric Javault founder Telligo, private market player summer camp for twenty years low fee payday loans. As for controls, "the state's job," he says. A stay in five controlled, according to the ministry. "In 400 trips organized by Telligo, twenty inspection reports we receive. This is more than in the restaurant or hotel, "says Cédric Javault. A

'quality label' to burnish their image

However, the Ministry of Youth and Sports 2a initiated discussions to improve their image. At the start, one, accompanied by a charter "quality label", should attest to the quality of their educational project. A label which is by no means a license. "The state does not issue any and empowers collective reception organizers of minors," said the ministry. The legal regime is the declaration to the prefectural authorities.

However, the organizers should be consistent with the health rules, safety and staff qualifications framing. Private or voluntary, organizations struggle in parallel to provide more guarantees seriously. "We own our shelters – one hundred – a guarantee of security," said Julien Coue, head of education and recreation project in the General Federation of PEP3, which is involved in the industry since 1915 and brings together 128 associations.


Jul 09 2014

An American harvest tens of thousands of dollars for his potato salad

Tag: Uncategorized, online, opinions, people, specialadmin @ 11:16 am

 

Some jokes can be expensive, others report more than expected. Danger that Zack Brown has allowed him to harvest date, 57,000 dollars (41,800 euros) and gather more than 4000 contributors around … a salad potato. And it's not over as there is still 24 days before the end of the quest.

When the young American publishes its project on the crowdfunding site Kickstarter, it sets its target to $ 10. "I'm just a salad potato. I have not yet decided which, "says Zack in the project description. For those who are willing to finance the salad up to a dollar, it promises a "thank you posted on the site" and recite their names aloud while cook. For $ 3, visitors must get some of the finished product. Sole risk of this unusual investment: "This may be not good, this is my first salad of potatoes," warns Zack in the "Risks and Challenges" section of the page Kickstarter1.

…… The improbable project met and exceeded the original target. Zack takes the game and promises new counterparties. At $ 35, it will be "four times more potato salad." At $ 75, it will hold a "pizza party". Ultimate grail, 100 dollars for which gratify contributors two different salad recipes potatoes. Against all odds, mayonnaise takes. Boosted by social networks, the project has been an unexpected success and donations accumulate. In just three days, it reached 4000 dollars. In a video posted Sunday Zack thank users "without whom it would never have been possible guaranteed pay day loans."

…… "When I started this campaign [crowdfunding], my secret goal was to reach $ 60, "reveals Zack. He is now the head of a virtual capital of tens of thousands of dollars. Wednesday morning, the project brought together 57,000 dollars and more than 4,000 contributors. "I never thought it would take on such a scale, responded the young man on the U.S. site Reddit2. Ten dollars seemed a reasonable goal. I think people have found an opportunity to gather around something as absurd as banal. "

He invites" all internet "to a baby salad potato … ……. In exchange, American offers a hat bearing the image of a potato salad or a cookbook, send it in December. This leaves a few months to organize Zack, who plans to "rent a large room to invite all Internet a feast of potato salad." While some question, however, the project should be approved by Kickstarter.

The site has softened effect there one month operating rules and the draft Zack, although delusional, meets the three conditions imposed in that the project must "propose creating something to share with others," "to be honest and clearly presented" but that the funds raised are for a "charity" and that the proposed compensatory measures are financial. Asked about the moderation of such fanciful projects, crowdfunding platform has répondu3, not without humor, that "there is no single recipe for inspiration."


Jul 07 2014

"Good funds" Michel Sapin

Tag: events, money, opinions, publications, traveladmin @ 1:37 pm

 

Once again, Michel Sapin1 won the award for humor. "Our friend is finance, good finance2" Sunday launched our Minister of Finance Economic Forum Aix-en-Provence 20143, which this year had the theme "Investing invent tomorrow." Intoxicated by the brightness of Provence, our bagman asked himself the question: "Will it finance a happy, happy in the service of investment, to make people happy?" "Good finance" is one that contributes to real investments. But the needs are enormous. This is even with unemployment, the only true sequel to the global crisis of 2008-2009, as recalled Christine Lagarde4. "At the end of 2013, the GDP of the G205 was 8% lower than their underlying trend (if there was no crisis) and investment down 20% over what should be, "said the director of FMI6.

The diagnosis applies equally to private investment firms for public infrastructure projects. The World Economic Forum Davos7 has calculated that the global economy devoted to these 3700 billion a year in the 1980s. Today is just 2,700 billion, is a lack of 1,000 billion. Citing these figures, Christine Lagarde revealed that the IMF would present a study on this topic in early October on the 40 major economies.

"In the United States, the United Kingdom and Germany, budgets are now 10% lower than they should be," said said the boss of the IMF, while noting that, for France, it was not the case. The French deficit investment is doing well, in her view, on private investment. Collapse

investments

Michel Sapin, for its part ready to subscribe to this diagnosis, if not it also recognizes that danger looming on the side of local authorities. The new municipalities are now "very careful, a too cautious," said he acknowledged at his press conference. Already smarting from the collapse of the housing investment, which "cost 0.4 percentage point of GDP growth" we, according to his figures, it should not be depressed after the building now gaining public works. Featuring

himself an outstanding hearty temperament, Michel Sapin is satisfied that the conditions of the trust is there, "now that companies perceive new opportunities and the CICE arrives in their accounts. " As for the discontent of social partners, Medef8 among others, and the left wing PS9, he summarized by this formula: "The complainers, the rechigneux as they say in Berry, feed the slingers, and the slingers feed moaners. "


Jul 04 2014

The shock report on low-cost Inconvenient Air France

Tag: economic, opinions, publications, top news, worldadmin @ 5:09 am

 The report

Monday handed the CEO of Air France 1 on what to implement to fight against low-cost airlines will he kindly stored at the bottom of a closet I need regular. Ordered by Frédéric Gagey2, the CEO of the company tricolor to imagine a sustainable future for the activity "point to point" – that is to say without match, so – short and medium letter of Air France group flights and reduce losses (200 million euros in 2013), this report contains the recommendations of an expert group. If the CEO of Air France is expected that the strategy currently being conducted, ie reducing the number of devices and stops where the losses are important and maintaining three brands is reinforced, this is not the case.

Shares of Air France erode market

The rapporteur this job is none other than Lionel Guérin, the current boss Hop! 3, the company that brings Airlinair Britair and Regional, three regional entities of the Air France4 who steal appliances from 48 to 100 seats. The expert group has tried to cope and rationalize, at least on paper, a business operated by three different companies within the Air France group: Transavia5, the low-cost intended for leisure flights, Hop, that regional conducts domestic flights to major European cities (Budapest, Vienna, Prague, Barcelona, ​​Stuttgart …) and finally Air France whose market share erode. In some figures, these three companies together account 2 billion euros of turnover and employ 10,000 employees in this activity.

The facts are simple. Short and medium-haul to the hub at Roissy fueling long-haul flights Air France flights lose € 400 million per year but management tolerates some of these losses as it flows through the long-haul profitable. "We can accept losing to Air France 150 million euros per year to fill its planes at Roissy. These are costs that could virtually integrate long-haul, "says an analyst.

Beautiful margins low-cost

But no question of widening losses activity "point to point" that competitors such as EasyJet, Vueling or Volotea have captured while achieving beautiful margins. On flights between France and Europe, Air France lost 5 points of market share between 2010 and 2014. And the French domestic market, low-cost airlines increased from 15 to 27% market share between 2010 and 2014

. To stem losses the report proposes to set up in the autumn a new common organization Hop! and Air France for business functions such as optimization of sales by trade policy (revenue management), pricing … Each company would retain the operational management of its staff.

The report distinguishes between two market segments where business customers are involved and "VFR" visiting friends and relative, that is to say travelers who visit their friends and their families: a segment is predominantly leisure, whose customers are looking for low prices. Customers of the other, dominant business, favor the regularity and frequency while maintaining their wallet.  Contain

Air France flights to match

Transavia meets unsurprisingly expectations first and should continue to grow from Orly, its current base, with ten additional Boeing 737 for its flights leisure. However, to meet the needs of the second category two opposing scenarios: either Hop, regional, fully recovered activity previously carried out by Air France at Orly especially with its mini price!. Air France is building on its reputation in housing activity in a "brand connected" to its name

. Clearly, the report's authors propose confine the short and medium-haul Air France connecting flights to Roissy and let companies "agile" take care of "point to point". On the social level, this scenario would obviously have serious repercussions. "The situation may be very tense in the coming months," says an official of the group aware that the courageous decisions remain to be taken. Frédéric

GAGEY has in hand a "hot potato" that he should say at half results on July 25 that it intends to do.


Jun 24 2014

Montebourg prepares the "CAC 40 future"

Tag: events, finance, opinions, resources, traveladmin @ 7:29 pm

 The

France suffers from a lack of business intermédiaires1 size (ETI), these large SMEs, three times as many in Germany, which is the real engine of the German economy. Determined to turn the corner, Arnaud Montebourg2 said nothing less than "prepare the CAC 40 future," Tuesday at Bercy, on the occasion of the presentation of a study by Bpifrance3 and the General Directorate for Competitiveness, Industry and Services (DGCIS) on the economic prospects of ETI.

"We will assemble a team of France 40 SMEs, which will be selected during the summer with the intention to engage in an acceleration of their size "said the Minister of Economy, convinced that" our SMEs can become world champions. " The aim is to concentrate all efforts advice, funding support, on a core business, handpicked to make up the range very quickly.

"We incubators and accelerators startups. We do not have to SMEs. This is what we will put in place. These SMEs will be helped to export, innovate and grow. We will put in the oxygen tent to make very quickly ETI, "says Nicolas Dufourcq4, CEO Bpifrance, at the forefront of this project.

"Operation Commando"

The idea is to set up a sort of "commando operation, selecting a small number of SMEs, and encourage their hyper- combining all means, "says Pascal Faure, head of the DGCIS. The state already has in his sights SMEs likely to change scale, through the regional offices of companies, competition, consumption, work and employment5 (Direccte), following on the ground a thousand of high-growth SMEs considered "nuggets". "We will tap into this pool those that seem best prepared to sprint," he adds. On

Ubisoft6 in video games, through 7in Beneteau sailing, Boiron8 in homeopathic medicine or Babolat9 in ropes for tennis rackets, which are all included in their top 3 global market, France has beautiful ETI. But they are too few in number: they are only 4794 in France, against 12,000 in Germany, 10,500 in Britain and 8000 in Italy.

"You can do anything in France only when we invest," says Nicolas Dufourcq, citing the example of Gray Découpage10, industrial ETI specializes in fabricated metal washers for the automotive industry. A pure commodity product, and yet they have nothing relocated. But they are doing because they invest 15% of their sales! ".

The issue is critical because ETI are at the heart of the economic machine: they weigh 28% of total turnover of enterprises and account for 45% in executive recruitment, 26% of expenditure on research and development and 34% of exports. After a slump in 2013, ETI anticipate an increase in their activity in 2014, the times of investment and exports, especially in the industry, according to the latest business survey Bpifrance and DGCIS11 conducted in March 2014. Employment prospects also improved, with a quarter of ETI planning to hire in France this year.


May 02 2014

Dictionary of anglicisms most unbearable office

Tag: business, economic, life, opinions, peopleadmin @ 3:01 pm

 

You hate them, and you shiver when one of your colleagues is used, the next office. And yet you use them – sometimes – also because it is difficult not to be swayed. Anglicisms who are employed indiscriminately in business are a scourge. On the web, The Figaro.fr queried readers about the words they found most unbearable, following an article on the subject published by the Huffington Post French. Here is a small dictionary which includes both classic and famous – almost – unknown.

• ASAP: one of the great classics. English As Soon As Possible, acronym in French mean "as soon as you can" or "as soon as possible." Simply. Qualify for emergency and seem less brutal feeling, use ASAP.  

• Brainstorm, Brainstorming: coming of advertising (in the 40s), the brainstorming meeting meant a group whose goal is to find a number Therefore advertising ideas for clients. Thereafter, the term became used for everything and anything, including outside of work, so it is necessary to consider several.

• Bullet points: excellent solution to stiffen and orchestrate his thought, "chips" are very fashionable to organize. Writing files to PowerPoint for personal agenda and lists of things to do, fleas are synonymous with efficiency.

• Burnout: we can not count the number of articles and other tickets coaching to protect at all costs the burnout syndrome burnout car warranty company. This is the new evil of the century at work, and the obsession of every employee.  

• Conf call: in many companies, they have become rituals … Meetings telephone work-saving both time and money, while bringing all those available. As ASAP, conf call is anglicism is a short term, as they say in the interests of efficiency. •

Corporate: have entrepreneurship. Essential for any employee wishing to make a career in a company. Someone from corporate is someone who feels comfortable in his company, and is a true ambassador. •

"That makes sense!" Literal translation of the English "It make sense!". Everyone obviously grasp the meaning. Except that the correct French, it does not mean absolutely nothing to say.

…… @ Quentinperinel1 Worse English Layers> French. "It makes sense"

. – Maxime Bellec (@ MBellec)

29 April 20142 • Debriefer: they "debrief" someone who could not attend a meeting. A stalwart of corporate life. So that the French expression "make a point" or "take stock" are almost obsolete.

• Desk: office also concerns to be replaced increasingly by "desks" which refers to both space Working the office where you work.

…… @ @ Quentinperinel3 Le_Figaro4 The old trick " anyway ". Fills me one! And I got the right one day " I eat on the desk. " Wow.

– P.Monteiro (@ MonteiroPauline)

29 April 20145 • Drinker: less known, the verb "drinker" is used to replace the action of go for a drink among office colleagues or friends.  

…… @ Quentinperinel6 "drinker" for "a drink", I find it ridiculous.

– N_Docao (@ N_Docao)

29 April 20147 • Forwarder: who has never "being forwarded to" a mail to one or more of his colleagues? Again, the French verb transfer, is much less likely. The English term, which has long been used in companies, no longer shocks, but still excited. • Implement

: originally used in computer jargon, replacing the words "include" or "code", the verb in the variable semantic crossed the doors of the company and can also mean "adapt" or "set up" something. • Mainstream

: a trendy term that replaces all that is banal, general public, and followed by mass. Most often, the pejorative connotation. In advertising or communication for example, if your ideas are mainstream, your superiors will prefer someone more original and alternative.

• One-To -One (writing 121): This term marketing – redundant in the responses of users! – Is common in client relationships vehicle car warranty. This means a meeting between client and provider, where he agreed to speak frankly and tell each other everything.

• Personal branding: with the development of all areas of web, the term is ubiquitous. Managing personal branding means managing his personal brand and / or business on the web and social networks.

• Printer: Print something. • Process

"you have not complied with the process, you'll have to start over!" The significance of process is rather vague, and close enough to French term process.  

…… @ Quentinperinel8 "process" is all the more irritating that means everything and nothing.

– Margaux Baralon (@ MargauxBaralon)

29 April 20149 • Reporting: make reporting. Or make a progress report or a report.

• Switcher: the notion of change or exchange something, no matter what it is. Switcher one day permanently with another colleague, or switcher holiday dates we had chosen beforehand.

• Workshop: This is a training seminar, reflection or creation that meets or different employees of the same company or several frames working in the same sector. These meetings focus on a specific theme and aims to educate participants in a given subject.


Apr 15 2014

Fight against cancer: Publicis auctioned notes Kylie Minogue

Tag: Uncategorized, business, economics, events, opinionsadmin @ 9:08 pm

 A

"if" played by the bass, or "the" sung by Kylie? Fans of the Australian singer and beyond, all interested persons will be given the choice by participating in a fundraising operation of a kind original. An association of French oncologists, the Alliance for Cancer Research (Aprec1), had the idea of ​​an international campaign involving Minogue2 Kylie herself a survivor of breast cancer in 2005-2006. The idea: to sell by the 4408 notes one of his original songs, "Chrystallize", thus offering fans the opportunity to become owners and, incidentally, to do a good deed. Since Monday

and for ten days, visitors can discover the partition, choose their notes and follow the auction in real time on the onenoteagainstcancer.com3 site. After the operation, the 4408 winning bidders will receive the song preview, a personal ownership certificate and their names will be highlighted in the credits of the clip cash advance no fax. Country

100% Social

"This is a world first: the campaign, which does not have a purchase euro area, s' 100% based on social networks, "says Olivier Altmann, head of the creation of Publicis Council4, originally the project. To make noise around the operation, are the owners of media Kylie Minogue who are involved. The star has over 2.6 million fans on Facebook, more than 2 million followers on Twitter and 400,000 followers on Instagram. The specialist auction on Internet eBay5 deals with technical aspects of the device and its deployment in the world. All stakeholders

songwriter parts, publishers and production house, graciously agreed to participate. Profits from sales of notes and single will be donated to APREC.


Apr 11 2014

The stickers, a little-known business on smartphones

Tag: business, economic, finance, international, opinionsadmin @ 3:24 am

 We call

smileys, emoticons, emoji or stickers. They dress our emails, chat conversations and SMS our patterns of all colors. From smiling to moving images via the cute cat face, they embody in their own way a certain culture of the image on the Web. Thanks to smartphones, these small images are now fertile ground for a booming economy.

A new means of communication

The smileys have evolved since the early messengers. Combinations of punctuation (eg, colon followed by a parenthesis – :) – a smiling face) have been replaced by icons specially designed by the mobile manufacturers. The first to have seen the phenomenon is NTT DoCoMo. In the late 90s, the Japanese operator has launched the "emoji", a font only consists of standard icons. NTT DoCoMo wanted to facilitate the exchange of its customers by integrating images directly into their mobile phone. "When someone sends 'I understand', the speaker may not know if this is something nice, or if it is something negative," explained Shigetaka Kurita, creator of emojis in an interview with the magazine The Verge 1, to justify his invention. "You never know what happens in the mind of the person who sends us a message."

With emoji, users have SMS easily add to their hearts or little faces expressing emotions of the moment. First acclaimed by Japanese teenagers, emojis became widespread in 2011, thanks to their integration in iOS 5, Apple's mobile operating system. They were then adopted by other services, including the latest version of Android (mobile operating system from Google), Windows Phone or Hangout, instant messaging, Google, and recently social networks like Twitter. Example

stickers used on Line. Already

20% of turnover Line

The arrival of emojis gave ideas to companies specializing in services for mobile. The instant messaging applications such as KakaoTalk, Line or WeChat, sought to monetize the interest of their users for these cute pictures or funny. Thus were born the "stickers", a larger version – especially pay – emoticons.  

This new generation smileys owes much to Japanese Application Line.2 Since its launch in 2011, the courier was a large catalog of Pay images, updated through collaborations with artists or celebrities. On Line, you can buy stickers bearing the image of Paul McCartney or the latest manga fashion free credit score. Users to collect them because of a few tens of cents per unit. In 2013, Line has managed to generate 50 million euros from the sale of stickers, or 20% of its turnover.

As smileys and emojis the stickers used to communicate with contacts quickly and efficiently. A significant interest in Asia, including ideographic languages ​​complicate writing on a keyboard. European and American public as it converts, more for the fun side of these images. Line spotted this hearing and adapts its catalog to local tastes in countries where it grows. Spain, users can buy the official stickers Real Madrid or FC Barcelona.

Inspired by the success of Line, Western Web companies also put the stickers. Facebook has launched a store in its messaging service, Facebook Messenger, currently only stocked lots of free stickers. BlackBerry has done well his BBM application. The stickers have appeared in smaller services, such as the Path application that has made his sole source of income. From

advertising in the middle of conversations

As usage increases, the stickers are becoming increasingly an advertising channel. Again, applications Asian IM showed the way. They put Passier partnerships with brands such as Coca-Cola, to produce Sponsored stickers. On Facebook, and you can use stickers bearing the image of LEGO or Muppets (owned by Walt Disney Studio). Thus, users are left to themselves transmit advertising messages to their friends.

"Rather than calling around the content with banners, the advertisement is brought to heart conversations," says Jonathan Levy-Bencheton, co-founder of Feeligo. The French start-up that offers a tool stickers for websites, has teamed up with the production company Century Fox. Through this partnership, members of the site aufeminin.com, Feeligo client can use stickers bearing the image of drawing anime Rio-2, produced by Century Fox. Encouraged by his first campaign, Feeligo now seeks to support other brands in this new form of communication.

All brands do not bother with such an agent. In March, the famous designer Karl Lagerfeld launched his own line stickers in his likeness, available by downloading an application for smartphones. A strategy to attract young users and ensure a new source of revenue, all at a lower cost. To attract consumers, Web companies and brands now feature their best smile.


Apr 03 2014

Each player loses an average of 400 euros per year to gambling

Tag: money, online, opinions, people, specialadmin @ 1:52 am

 

Despite the crisis, gambling continues to attract French. Whether for a scratch ticket, to bet on a horse or fill a grid lotto, French households bet of € 46.2 billion in 2012, 76% more than in 2000, according to a study of INSEE published this Wednesday1. Enough to cover half of the deficit of France amounted to € 87.6 billion in 2013!

Almost half of French play at least occasionally. On average, the player bets 2,000 euros per year for a gain of € 1,600 and a loss of 400 euros. "But this is an average, an expert insists INSEE. Many people play mini-game are when a big development. " Another sign of this craze for games: their share in the budget of families n 'had to stop increase over the past decade, from 0.6% in 1990 to 0.9% in 2004, before record a slight decline in 2018 to 0.8%. Crisis forces! The French

lose money, but less than before

The French betting more money, spending (read losses) in 2012 also increased from € 6.4 billion in 2000 to € 9.5 billion in 2012, an increase of 48% over the last twelve years. Updates have increased faster than spending (76% against 48%), the rate of return players (TRJ), that is to say the proportion of bets operators render players, is now better it was 10 years, ie they lose less money than before.

But the state always ensure that this rate is balanced. "It should not be too high because it would promote addiction and money laundering, said the same expert. Conversely, a minimum rate is necessary to clean up the competition between operators and protect the players. " For example, the TRJ must be less than 75% for the lottery, 85% for sports and horse paris online and conversely, greater than 85% for slot machines payday loans. Inequalities between

FDJ, PMU, casinos and online gaming sector

gambling is composed of four actors: the French Games (FDJ), Pari Mutuel Urbain (PMU), casinos and online gambling since their approval in 2010. If the activity of the FDJ and PMU has been dynamic over the past decade and it focuses on two 71% of the activity, the casinos (24%) lost momentum from 2007. "In addition to the 2008 crisis, they suffered regulatory changes (mandatory identity checks and banning smoking)," write the study authors. Online games, they represent only 5% of the market.  

Another lesson from this survey: compulsory levies are very different from one game to another. FDJ reverse 67% of it being pocketed in the coffers, casinos 54%, 51% for online operators and only 39% for the PMU. Its low tax rate is explained by its participation in the financing of the equine industry. The PMU

, the most profitable trader

All stakeholders do not have the same rate of return which is calculated from the gross gaming revenue ( PBJ), that is to say the difference between the set of players and their winnings. Thus, the PMU has the highest profitability affecting 34% of GGR, casinos unable to reach 18% of PBJ when online games no profit, says INSEE. The most surprising is probably the rate of return of the JDF, which is only 3% of GGR. Involved? Its very high taxation. However, the State is its main shareholder (72%) did not seem to suffer!

At the end of the survey, INSEE said that gambling addiction concerns 10.8% of active players, or 1.3% of adult population.


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