An ordeal. The government through, since the submission of budget 20141, September 25, the most difficult since it came to power sequence. If the tax issues do not explain everything, they have largely crystallized discontent French. During this period, the country was rocked by a feeling of "ras-le-bol" in this area, identified by the Minister of Economy itself, Pierre Moscovici2, tax revolt that engulfed Britain against environmental tax heavy and diffuse ailleurs.3
This weekend, a snail operation against environmental taxes heavyweights has mobilized thousands of road throughout France. But the nightmare next government may be the VAT increase planned for 1 January. The movement of "sacrificed" launched by artisans in anger unabated. For their part, defenders of equestrian centers manifesté4 again, on foot or on horseback, in Paris, but also in Nantes. Finally, paramedics will also take to the streets this week.
Faced with protests, the government has so far declined significantly (tax EBITDA, taxation of certain savings products, eco-tax). A vicious cycle has been initiated. "The lack of a guideline and that the government has declined leading to a dispute of any tax change," said Gilles Carrez5, the UMP president of the Finance Committee in the Assembly. "The general mood is now hunting tax," says one at Bercy. At that point Cazeneuve6 Bernard, the budget minister, on Friday denounced the "tax Poujadism" and "some hate."
In late September, after the "tax break" decreed by François Hollande, Pierre Moscovici and Bernard Cazeneuve yet seemed proud to announce that the 2014 budget was based on 80% savings and only 3 billion tax increase.
But the message is wrong, just as the French note, receiving their leaves tax for 2013, the bill is already salty. Especially, the amount of tax increase posted for 2014 mask very different realities. Taxes on households will continue to increase by more than $ 10 billion, while withdrawals companies will be reduced by the tax credit competitiveness employment (Cice) s, which will cost $ 10 billion to the state. Opposition pounded on the theme of "fiscal overkill."
Troubles will then multiply. Faced with the revolt of business leaders, Pierre Moscovici announced on October 6, after adjudication of the Elysee, the abolition of the tax on the gross operating surplus (GOS), less than two weeks after written in the draft budget law (PLF). It is replaced by a temporary increase in the surcharge tax (CIT). "Better a good compromise a quarrel," explains Bernard Cazeneuve.
The bosses were pleased to have escaped a new tax, but the effect, a few months after the retreat against the movement "pigeons7" consisting of entrepreneurs, is disastrous. Geoffroy Roux de Bézieux8, the number two of the MEDEF, criticizes a tax "unprepared, not estimated, improvised easy payday loans." A "measure as heavy, there was no time for consultation needed: it was introduced way too fast," asserts Gilles Carrez.
At Bercy, where we continue to think that the measure was going in the right direction, it is estimated to have been misled by the employers ". Initially, they were very receptive to this extent, then they expressed their hostility" Presented beginning September after the summer school of the MEDEF, the device was originally intended to create the new tax by removing two taxes based on turnover, the IFA and C3S, and lowering tax companies to a point. "We said we were interested in the loss of tax revenue, but he had to look for EBITDA" defends a source MEDEF. But employers will quickly realize that this penalizes investment while noting that there also has among its members the winners and losers in the new device. Upon arrival, the C3S is maintained, and the IS survey, unlike the original goal.
"Nothing would be worse than to change strategy"
Once the dam broke, and then the image of the head of state has been tarnished by his involvement in the case Leonarda, the government seems to be losing control of events. Bernard Cazeneuve announced Oct. 27 that waives, to the budget of the "Safely" to align up the taxation of savings for PEL, PEA and employee savings. "The measure raised concerns on savings. There was a risk of destabilization that we could not take in the current climate, "says one at Bercy.
Obviously, the departments did not see coming discontent. "On this very technical issue, there was clearly a misjudgment of the symbolic aspect of the challenge of anticipation on savings, while in the summer there was all alerts on tax overdose, "a squeaky tenor of the majority. "The right was yet able to raise payroll taxes on life insurance in 2006, who reported much more than what was planned there. But what was possible at a time is not, "says an elected opposition.
That same weekend, the "red caps" manifest violently Quimper to demand the removal of the environmental tax. Concerned about the turn of events, Jean-Marc Ayrault announced its suspension on 29 October, the time to "fix". No start date has not yet discussed. "This movement generates alliances against nature between retailers, agricultural unions, the MEDEF and the extreme right has gone coagulated. This is an outlet that is a political issue, "said a government source.
What to do? "Nothing would be worse than to change strategy. The problem is that it is insufficiently assumed and defended and gives the impression that we do not know where we are going "knows, slips a socialist tenor. He concluded: "We must pass this sequence of environmental taxes and expect that the economic results allow us to get out of the trap. If we do not take on this topic, it no longer fits on anything … "