Jul 01 2014

Why learning did he not successful in France?

Tag: economy, news, online, resources, top newsadmin @ 7:33 am

 

Youth unemployment is the scourge of Europe, particularly in France. Under the effect of the crisis, has reached unprecedented levels in 2013, the share of young workers aged 15 to 24 years unemployed stood at just under 25%, with peaks of 55% in Spain or 58% in Greece. In France, 24.8% of young people under 25 years were out of the labor market in 2013, against 7.9% in Germany free 3-in-1 credit report. Worse, 150,000 young people leave more or less every year of school without a diploma or professional qualification. And 1.9 million are neither in employment nor in education or training – the so-called NEET – 17% of the 15-24 age group, one of the highest in the OECD countries rate .

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Jun 28 2014

Banks undertake for small businesses

Tag: economic, economy, resources, technology, traveladmin @ 2:41 am

 

In 2013, some 100,000 credit applications from all small enterprises (VSE) were rejected. But banks promise to do better now. The French Banking Federation (FBF) took five commitments Friday, when submitted to the ministers, and Arnaud Michel Sapin Montebourg1 the report of the national credit mediator Jeanne-Marie Prost 2out financing TPE. The latter concludes that if access to credit TPE investment is pretty good, access to cash loans is difficult.

While TPE accuse them of time still too long, banks promise to give within fifteen working days in response to any request for credit. In case of refusal, they agree to receive the entrepreneur for him to explain why. All their letters, they also indicate the existing remedies, particularly the mediation of credit still unknown. In a pedagogical concern, they will publish further guidance on the short-term financing because TPE3 use too often discovered as a tool for cash, so it is not always the most appropriate or the most economical. Banks

finally endeavor to promote greater stability of their CROs, while patterns TPE complain constantly change of interlocutors. In this important "turnover", the same mediator recommends "a term of office of at least four years." However, banks do not advance over a period, stressing that they can not interfere with the career of their agents.

These five measures, which will also apply to SMEs4, occur while the FBF has already announced last week the appointment in each banking network, 'privileged interlocutors for SMEs.

"First step"

The issue is important because it affects 2.7 million businesses ranging from local shopkeepers to professionals through the artisans. "Small employers, on the ground, when they talk about banks, often scathing, conceded Arnaud Montebourg. This is a fundamental first step to appease the relationship. "

The Minister also urged the leaders of TPE to enter more often mediation crédit5 via local branch of the Bank of France6. A free service to help get out of tight situations. "The TPE is very small but it is very important because it is an essential tool in the fight for jobs," concluded Michel Sapin7, Minister of Finance.


Jun 26 2014

After the e-cigarette, electronic seal up

Tag: economy, life, resources, technology, traveladmin @ 2:25 am

 The business of

vapotage continues its diversification. After the e-cigarette – allows opening a specialty store every three days1 in France – here's the e-seal, which arrives at the European tobacconists. This invention of a Dutch company called E-njoint already exists in three versions: the first model as safe according to law, without THC, tobacco-free and without nicotine.Totalement legal and harmless, the main advantage of this model is its original form and its operation: you pull the e-seal, and a hemp leaf lights at the end.

In contrast, the other two models which are also sold are much less harmless. And for once are real electronic seals, with effects that go with it: one of the two versions is charged with e-liquid that contains cannabis! And like a true joint, it is the user who decides he wants to dose inside. The last model allows smoking all kinds of dry grass, obviously including marijuana. If the Dutch company mentioned this last model in a statement, it currently left a blur on the Functioning of the latter variation. A

use in the health sector?

The company – which produces no less than 10,000 e-joints per day to be sold in Europe – also announced in discussions with Tikun Olam, the main Israeli company culture marijuana for medical purposes, to develop products to be used in medicine. This is not the first attempt: the website 01net notes that the company Cannabee offers electronic cigarettes and bottles of cannabidiol, a non-psychotropic cannabinoid which would be a medical benefactor.

Another finding, published in a report made in 2013 by the French Office for the Prevention of smoking and other addictions (OFTA): multiple sites or blogs offer Tips to change the composition of e-liquid to change its electronic cigarette e-joint. In fact, so it was already possible to make your own electronic seal. The report also cites several companies – including Cannabee – located in California that are active since 2012, and selling e-liquid for electronic cigarette transform its e-joint.


Apr 17 2014

Nuclear: ASN wants new powers

Tag: economics, economy, online, resources, top newsadmin @ 8:28 am

 Despite

nuclear situation in France considered "satisfactory overall in 2013," Pierre-Franck Chevet1, president of the Nuclear Safety Authority says negative points.

Two difficulties are attributable to Areva2. The first is "related to the storage of waste on the former site of La Hague packaged in concrete silos." This is not the most technical tip: these compounds should be stored in "stable containers," says Pierre-Franck Chevet. These waste produced by the unit reprocessing spent fuel UP2-400 arrested for eleven years, have been the subject of recommendations in 2011. But the cost of operations deemed "priority" by ASN3, is € 2.5 billion at the expense of Areva. Faced with this amount, it is understandable that the discussions drag on, for an operation that will spread until 2030

. In addition, site fuel fabrication FBFC Areva in Romans-sur-Isère, was placed "under enhanced vigilance." After handling errors on small bottles of fissile material in 2012, "repeated problems and recurring security" have been identified. Areva proposed April 10 ASN to launch "an action plan reinforced."

In addition, while the EDF's nuclear fleet is subject to a satisfecit global4 three plants (Civaux, Chinon and Bugey) are less well noted. After a detailed inspection in October 2013, ASN inspectors noted that Civaux was "withdrawal on compliance and implementation of basic safety principles" and noted "significant differences in respect of environmental regulations. "

These examples illustrate that the ASN requests the State the right to impose on operators' new sanctions, "" daily fines "c that is to say fines. So far, the authority has "the right to close a nuclear plant in case of danger or transmit a report violations to justice," says Pierre-Franck Chevet, who regrets not having sanction intermediate between these two extremes. It hopes that this law is integrated bill on energy transition and suggests the reform of the financing of the ASN, using "direct contribution of large farmers." This increase expected budget, € 50 million per year, together with the IRSN (Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety), could help the ASN to fill expanding roles, such as radiology equipment control . Harmonize rules

In the longer term, the ASN must review the plan called "refit" of EDF's nuclear fleet, estimated at 55 billion euros for the extension of the life of plants. To allow reactors to operate beyond 41 to 45 years of service, Pierre-Franck Chevet expects "an appointment particularly complex. For reactors will implement safety features like those of the EPR. " ASN will deliver its final opinion on the matter in 2018

. In the event of a major nuclear accident in Europe, which could affect several countries, ASN would harmonize rules for the protection of populations. Despite the Chernobyl disaster in 1986, levels of intervention are specific to each country. The first discharge thresholds are for example two times lower in France than in Germany. And everyone would have the right to stable iodine tablets in France in a 100 km radius around the accident site, while in addition the Rhine distribution only concern first the age of 18 and speakers. women


Apr 09 2014

PSA Rennes website showcases the Factory of the Future

Tag: economic, economy, life, special, worldadmin @ 7:32 am

 

Employees of PSA Peugeot Citroën1 Rennes plant are worried about their future. An extraordinary meeting of the committee of establishment provided Thursday, April 10 should "reorganize production in a single team, which means the removal of a half team," says Loïc Pottier, the CFTC2. Rennes is inspired Poissy and Mulhouse, where a team has lost in recent months. This removal can be done in the framework of the new social contract approved last year by the unions.

"We expected this announcement for 2015 rather than now," says Loïc Pottier. Trade unions signed agreement CFE-CGC, CFTC, and SIA-requested management constructor "make every effort to repatriate to Rennes new activities in workshops and research and development."

On this point, the Ministry of Productive Recovery should answer this. Rennes has indeed been chosen to host one of the pilots' factory of the future "plan. It is one of 34 industrial plans presented by the President of the Republic and the Minister of Productive Recovery in September. Its management was entrusted to Frédéric Sanchez, president of the manufacturer of machine tools Fives, and Bernard Charles, President of Dassault Systèmes.

The details of this plan have been disclosed last Thursday at the Salon of the industry, but at the last moment Arnaud Montebourg3 canceled his coming, held in Bercy by the ceremony of transfer of authority. On behalf of the Minister, Christophe Lerouge, Commissioner productive recovery of Burgundy, said Thursday that "this plan has two objectives: to work on the French offer of new production technology, such as 3D4 printing or robots to be able to export; and secondly, to ensure that these technologies are spreading in France in order to gain competitiveness. " A first steering committee for this plan met mid-March to validate four projects identified twenty one. Wizards robots

One of these four projects thus relates the PSA Rennes site. It should allow to conduct a pilot line for manufacturing prototype parts in composite structure for automobiles. Much lighter than steel, composites will help lighten cars and thus reduce emissions by improving consumption. This line will use technology developed by Fives specialist composite technology. This demonstrator will be housed in Excelcar a company's R & D set up by PSA and supported by the local Breton as part of the re-industrialization of the site. Actors

industrial-builders but also equipment-believe may contract with Excelcar to implement in their factories, their own tool production. Rennes line should be operational late 2015. The total investment will be between 10 and 20 million euros, and will cover 30 to 40 jobs. "The potential is, however, hundreds of jobs if manufacturers decide to implement other production lines in their factories for their vehicles," said an industry expert.

These projects should enable "the transformation of existing plants to create windows of the French technology that can be visited by foreign delegations, for example "explains Frédéric Sanchez Figaro. Unlike the German model, where the robots are already widely distributed in plants because labor is rather scarce, the French model leaves room to the man he is meant to be seen rather as replaced by a robot.


Mar 22 2014

SFR Bouygues can still counter Numericable?

Tag: economy, events, features, online, traveladmin @ 7:52 am

 

Thursday night Bouygues1 launched a bidding war on SFR2, trying to convince her to give him Vivendi3 telephony subsidiary, at the expense of Numericable4. A bet may seem daring while Vivendi and Numericable Altice5 (its parent) are in exclusive negotiations. Under these conditions, Vivendi Can only watch this offer?

At the moment, the media group merely reply that his "Supervisory Board decided on 14 March to enter into exclusive negotiations with Altice for a three week period. " A statement that resembles a certain estoppel. "It's a bit like buying a house, between the promise of sale and the signing of the act, he spends some time during which the seller can not abandon the transaction without suffering the consequences" illustrates a close case. Vivendi could therefore bypass the bidding Bouygues and continue to negotiate with Numericable so as to finalize the sale of SFR in the coming days.

For others, the supervisory board "can not not look at an offer that is in the interest of the shareholders of Vivendi." Against the proposal Bouygues Telecom 6est best bidder of € 1.4 billion in cash compared to Numericable on the envelope to 13.15 billion euros. But Henri Lachman, a member of the Supervisory Board of Vivendi and Chairman of the ad hoc committee had to decide on the tender would have argued last week that "450 million euros it can not refuse", referring to the gap between offers Numericable and Bouygues before the latter was the cash portion of its offer.  

If board members Vivendi watched the new offer before the end of the three weeks of exclusive April 4, they take a legal risk. Numericable would be entitled to go to court to file a civil complaint to request damages. "The law limits the risk to the costs already incurred by the complainant," however, says a close case. Others cite the contrary, a penalty clause which could reach tens of millions of euros for breach of exclusive negotiations. Can

Vivendi simply playing for time and drag the exclusive negotiations, so they do not end before the deadline of April 4? In this case, the meter would be in some way reset. "Legally, exclusivity is a commitment to negotiate in good faith," said a lawyer.


Mar 17 2014

In Britain, five families have as much as 20% of the population

Tag: business, economy, events, international, specialadmin @ 4:36 pm

 

The five richest UK families have as much as 12.6 million poorest British. Their combined wealth, 28.2 billion pounds (33.7 billion euros) is the legacy of the 20% of the population of the country at the bottom of the social ladder, according to a study published Monday charity Oxfam. In

topped the list of British fortunes established by Forbes, the Duke of Westminster, Gerald Grosvenor, has as many (7.9 billion pounds, or 9, € 4 billion) than 10% of its poorest citizens. Aristocratic family owns 77 hectares of land in the most exclusive areas of London, Mayfair and Belgravia around Buckingham Palace, as well as 39,000 acres in Scotland, 13,000 hectares in Spain and a large real estate portfolio.

Behind him are the Reuben brothers of Indian origin, who made his fortune in metals, Hindujua brothers also entrepreneurs of Indian origin, Cadogan family, large property owners (36 hectares Chelsea and Knightsbridge, London) and Mike Ashley, owner of the retail chain Sports Direct.

"A nation deeply divided"

While the British economy has resumed at a steady pace, growing inequalities. Between 1993 and 2011, revenues from these privileged doubled, while those of 90% of the population increased by only 27%. "Britain is becoming a nation deeply divided, where a wealthy elite saw its revenues soar while millions of families are unable to make ends meet, says Ben Phillips, director of the action Public Oxfam. This is not a sign of economic success but a failure. Far from being inevitable, the result of political choices that can be changed. "

The government of David Cameron presents his budget on Wednesday. Oxfam calls for a strengthening of the fight against tax evasion, the introduction of a tax on financial transactions, a more progressive tax system and a higher minimum wage.


Mar 09 2014

Phone: Bouygues negotiating its mobile network Free

Tag: economic, economics, economy, international, technologyadmin @ 1:08 pm

The group announced Bouygues1 be willing to give its network of antennas and mobile frequencies to its competitor free2 (Iliad), to facilitate his marriage SFR3, and thus completely reconstruct the landscape of the French mobile telephony. "We have entered into exclusive negotiations to yield to Free for an amount up to 1.8 billion euros go our entire mobile network," announced Olivier Roussat, CEO of Bouygues Telecom in an interview with Journal du Sunday4 . This agreement, which covers "15,000 antennas and a portfolio of frequencies, some of which for 4G" is conditioned to the fact that SFR Bouygues acquires sold by Vivendi. Vivendi, parent company of SFR, which seeks to separate its telecom subsidiary to focus on the media said Wednesday it has received offers from Bouygues and Numericable majoritaire.L takeover offer was unveiled by Bouygues favors particular Exchange, but seemed to be a problem with the rules of competition. This agreement enables Bouygues "raise the main uncertainty from (its) project under the Competition Authority. And Free to become a full and complete operator," says Olivier Roussat this entretien.Il remains yet "subject to the success of our proposed merger with SFR filed Wednesday, March 5 from its parent company, Vivendi," he says. "We provide an immediate response to the imperatives of competition. In case of merger with SFR, we would have a network too. Again, there is a buyer who will recreate a competitive dynamic. This turnkey solution should facilitate marriage with SFR and Vivendi reassuring, "he says again. The Competition Authority will review the file and if all goes well, migration and network subscribers could place "in 2015," plan to ensure that the agreement "also ensures the use of the entire telecom sector in France with maintaining three networks." "Free wishes to maintain the network with its own agents, warns CEO of Bouygues Telecom. And we want to keep our 1,200 employees who are affected. Our network will not be destroyed. Instead, Free will live 15,000 antennas that will become his. "Olivier Roussat also confirmed that his" proposed merger with SFR not cause any departure. "On the contrary, the merger will invest in the Internet and mobile networks and "create jobs. This is the sinews of war. "This merger agreement and fully rebattrait cards in the field of French mobile telephony share four players. Orange leader today has 27 million mobile customers, SFR has 21 million, 11 million Bouygues Telecom and Free Free 7.4 millions.Cependant a relay network underdeveloped and relies on a 3G roaming agreement with Orange, but not for 4G. however Bouygues boasts of have the best 4G network via authorization which allowed him to use this technology on a frequency band that already operated giving him an edge in terms of coverage. This agreement should enable Bouygues and Free "to reduce costs," according to Olivier Roussat which ensures that the price war being waged by the mobile operators, at the initiative of Free, and more recently in the Internet, the initiative this time Bouygues should continue.


Feb 22 2014

A 51st Agricultural Show energized

Tag: economics, economy, news, online, opinionsadmin @ 10:20 am

 And

it left for nine days during which more than 1% of the French population will clump in 200 hectares at their disposal, Porte de Versailles, Paris. Salon 2014 agriculture indeed opens its doors this morning and will close on March 2 evening. For its 51st edition

this great agricultural show that goes beyond the Hexagon will accommodate over 4,000 farm animals, including hundreds of cows. This year is a Tarentaise, Bella, who is honored. An impressive logistics were deployed to feed all these people: 100 tons of hay, 230 tons of straw and 280 tons of manure. Not to mention their breeders it will stay close to their animals in the "reserves", kitchens and dormitories constructed for the occasion. This particular

logistics makes this show, yet less profitable per linear meter, one of the most popular in France after that of the automobile. "The Agricultural Fair, is the unity of time and place where found farmers, industrial, retail, citizens and policy," says the Minister of Agriculture, Stéphane Le Foll1 . Except François Mitterrand2 all presidents in office came to inaugurate the event, whose influence extends far beyond the circle of insiders. François Hollande3 account well, at seven o'clock in the morning, meet the republican tradition Jacques Chirac4, also elected Corrèze, still remains the star of salon5 to applause.

"Without meeting these visitors the many and varied profiles, we could never achieve an attendance of nearly 700,000 visitors over ten days, as the last year, "says Jean-Luc Poulain, president of the SIA (International Exhibition of Agriculture). What balance the accounts of this event which approximates a budget of 20 million euros. At the international level, the lounge this year more than twenty countries, including China who would like to import the concept "Made in France".

For their part, the food manufacturers, like those of supermarkets, also want to be visible. History to be better seen not only from farmers who often accuse them bring prices down but also very sensitive to food security consumers, especially after repeated crises such as horsemeat year last. Support citizen

51

This lounge opens in a national context where the relationship between government and farmers are strained. Hollande could pay the price, being booed by disgruntled farmers (our editions of February 21). The divisive issues abound. The FNSEA6, main French farmers' union, has recalled in the Estates General of Agriculture she organized this Friday (see box). Among them: the simplification of administrative procedures. François Hollande was quick to reply, just to calm the Porte de Versailles. "The Minister of Agriculture has decided, with his colleague, the environment, introduce a simpler system to speed up decisions to modernize some farms. He started with the most difficult: the pig (…). This represents a gain of four to six months, "he opportunely announced Friday in an interview with the weekly Crop France. Citizen, he has chosen his camp. According to the latest Tilder-LCI-Opinion Way poll, 77% of French people have a good opinion of farmers.


Feb 19 2014

Brewers commit to hiring in exchange for a tax moratorium

Tag: economy, international, news, opinions, specialadmin @ 6:56 am

 

Faced with a collapse in consumption bière1 the French brewers challenge the government. "We ask a tax moratorium, Philippe Vasseur, President of Brewers France, which represents the brewing profession. We hope that the beer is not discriminated as it is "In exchange for fiscal stability, the French brewers -. Who fear being subjected to new taxes – offer the state a" pact of responsibility. " A response to the one presented last month by François Hollande2 at businesses.

"Mr. President of the Republic, we Brewers France 3, the strength of our role as facilitators of a rich stream of 65,000 jobs, have chosen to take this opportunity to participate more actively in productive recovery of France," write they. It is urgent, according to them, for the sector.  

The increase of 160% a year in taxes on beer in the framework of the law on the financing of Social Security boosting the value price of 14% and weighed on sales. Consumption decreased by 3%, with double-digit decline in cafes, hotels and restaurants. In supermarkets, while volumes declined slightly (-0.4%), sales rose by 16.2% to € 2.3 billion, according to IRI data reported by LSA. It was boosted by both the price and the upscale market that has benefited specialty beers (Leffe, Affligem, Grimbergen) and special lagers (Heineken, 1664).

Create a label

Faced with this situation, brewers are willing to make three commitments, provided that the state does not decide new levies cash advance to savings account. Brewers agree first to invest 250 million euros by 2017 and employ 800 people a year, half of net job creation. "There can be no investment if there is visibility on the future of the business, says Philippe Vasseur. Given the uncertainty created by the tax increases, companies have stopped investing last year. "

They also undertake to become more involved in prevention policies. "If we took 1% excise duty on beer, this would increase the budget by INPE (National Institute for Prevention and Health Education) dedicated to the prevention of € 8,000,000" said Philippe Vasseur, who regrets that the Evin law prevents brewers "to pedagogy" on the beer consumption. Brewers France urges the authorities the opportunity to "jointly develop public health policies."

Finally, brewers are committed to creating a label, a guarantee of quality for their drinks, to be awarded by an independent body. If the blur remains around how to create this label, they want it to be associated with a degree program for brewers. Which would more credible profession, like eg diplomas oenology. "We really want to change the image of the profession, adds Philippe Vasseur, who will undertake, as every year, from next week, an operation seduction at the Salon de l'agriculture. This involves teaching and the fight against excessive BAC. This also corresponds to a upmarket image of beer. "


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